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Who Owns Who? Devotees of the Great Monsanto


For those that frequently read my blog, I think it comes through very loud and clear where I stand on my perspectives with Monsanto. While I will not fully type out my exact words of what I think, let’s just say that there is no grey for me. With the statements I have publicly made in the past, I will likely find myself dead in a ditch someday or in jail for not stroking the fur of Monsanto’s hairy back just the right way.

Recently I was asked by a online gardening friend where they could go to buy seeds if they wanted to avoid Monsanto. Well, of course, the obvious places would be Baker Creek, Seed Savers Exchange, etc. and so on. “But what companies should I avoid? I don’t want to accidentally support someone that even agrees with their practices.” What,  not want to agree with the folks that think that they own every seed in the world and you are wrong to think otherwise?

Back in 2005, people were shocked when Monsanto purchased Seminis.  At that time, Seminis controled 40% of the U.S. vegetable seed market and 20% of the world market. If you do the math, this means that they supplied approximately 56% of the lettuce, 75% of the tomatoes, and 85% of the peppers that finds it’s way to your supermarket shelf.  If that’s not scary, consider also that about half of the beans, cucumbers, squash, melons, broccoli, cabbage, spinach and peas you buy at the store comes from them too. The company’s biggest revenue source comes from tomato and peppers seeds, followed by cucumbers and beans.

In large part, these numbers reflect usage of Seminis varieties within large industrial production geared towards supermarkets, but Seminis seeds are also widely used by regional conventional and organic farmers as well as market and home gardeners. J.W. Jung, HPS, Vermont Bean Seed, Totally Tomatoes, R.H.Shumway’s, Nichol’s, Rupp, Osborne, Snow, and Stokes are among the dozens of commercial and garden seed catalogs that carry the more than 3,500 varieties that comprise Seminis’ offerings. This includes dozens of All-American Selections and an increasing number of varieties licensed to third parties for certified organic seed production.

Scary, huh?

OWNED BY MONSANTO OR SEMINIS

Asgrow
Channel
DeKalb
DeltaPine
FonTanelle
Gold Country Seed
Hubner Seed
Jung Seed Genetics
Kruger Seeds
Lewis Hybrids
Rea Hybrids
Specialty
Stewart
Stone Seed Group
West Bred

FOOD PRODUCERS WITH CONTRACTS FOR EXCLUSIVE USE OF MONSANTO SEED

(Image used with permission of http://www.realfarmacy.com.)

SELL VARIOUS PERCENTAGES OF SEEDS FROM MONSANTO OR SEMINIS.

Per contractual agreements with these companies, Monsanto may also dictate the location of their product’s within the purchaser’s website and/or catalog.  You can see more about this in my previous article on the subject.)

Audubon Workshop
Breck’s Bulbs
Cook’s Garden
Dege Garden Center
Earl May Seed
E & R Seed Co
Ferry Morse
Flower of the Month Club
Gardens Alive
Germania Seed Co
Garden Trends
HPS
J.W. Jung Seed
Lindenberg Seeds
McClure and Zimmerman Quality Bulb Brokers
Mountain Valley Seed
Nichol’s
Osborne
Park Bulbs
Park’s Countryside Garden
Plants of Distinction
R.H. Shumway
Roots and Rhizomes
Rupp
Seeds for the World
Seymour’s Selected Seeds
Snow
Spring Hill Nurseries
Stokes
T&T Seeds
Tomato Growers Supply
Totally Tomato
Vermont Bean Seed Co.
Wayside Gardens
Willhite Seed Co.
American Seeds
Campbell
De Ruiter
Diener Seeds
Fielder’s Choice
Hawkeye
Heartland
Heritage Seeds
Holdens
icorn
Peotec
Poloni
Trelay
Western Seeds

 

If you are thinking now, “where can I buy seed from?”, here is a list of Non-GMO, Monsanto-free seed companies.
Amishland Seeds
Annapolis Valley
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds 
Burpee Seeds
Heritage Seed Company (Nova Scotia, Canada)
Diane’s Flower Seeds
Ed Hume Seeds
Fedco
Garden City Seeds
Heirlooms Evermore Seeds
Heirloom Seeds
Heirloom Organics
Horizon Herbs
Irish-Eyes
Irish Valley Seeds
Johnny’s Seeds
Landreth Seeds
Lake Valley Seeds
Livingston Seeds
Local Harvest
Mountain Rose Herbs
Organica Seed
Park Seeds
Pinetree
Sand Hill Preservation Center
Seeds of Change (Owned by Mars Inc.) But GMO Free.
Seed Savers Exchange
Southern Exposure
Sustainable Seed Co
Territorial Seeds
Tiny Seeds
Uprising Seeds
Virtual Farm Seed Co
Wildseed Farms

There you go folks! Enjoy!!

(P.S. If you are a seed company representative for a Non-GMO/non-Monsanto company, please feel free to comment below and we will add your company to the list!)

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2013. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Who Owns Who? Finding the real owner of your favorite seed catalog.


(Original Post, February 3, 2010. Updated 12/1/13.) Back when I used to work for  a number of different companies, I was often amused by the occasions when I have a customer on the phone and they ‘divulge’ a secret.  Their voice drops and they say, “You know, last year I ordered my seed from [insert name of another company owned by mine] and theirs did not grow as well as yours did.”

Meanwhile, I’m chuckling to myself.  On my screen in front of me, I can see that not only did the seed that they purchased this year come out of the same bag for each company, but was also the same exact lot of seed used last year!

As with any other industry, seed and nursery companies get bought out, outsourced, and restructured.  I know myself from ordering from various companies that their service changes if they have been sold to a different parent company.

So, for those of you that are curious as to ‘who owns who’, here is a list of the various seed and nursery stock companies that are available for mail order in the United States… and who they are owned by!  Enjoy!

_________________________________________________________________________

1-800-orchids.com

•             1-800-orchids.com

•             1888Orchids.com

5 Acre Farm Daylilies

•             5 Acre Farm Daylilies

•             Valente Gardens

ACF Greenhouses (Aarons Creek Farms)

•             ACF Greenhouses (Aarons Creek Farms)

•             Strawberry Plants.com

ANi Direct Seeds

•             ANi Direct Seeds

•             nothing-but-seeds

Aaron’s Rain Barrels (formerly New England Design)

•             Aaron’s Rain Barrels (formerly New England Design)

•             Aaron’s Rainwater Harvesting Systems

Aaron Whaley and Sons

•             Partial Ownership of Seed Savers Exchange

Aloha Hoyas

•             Aloha Hoyas

•             Aloha Ti and Tropicals

Aloha Orchid Nursery

•             Aloha Orchid Nursery

•             Plumeria.Info (Da Little Coffee Shack)

Aloha Tropicals

•             Aloha Tropicals

•             Ohana Tropicals

Amazing Butterflies

•             Amazing Butterflies

•             Live Monarch Foundation Butterfly Garden Seeds

Amethyst Hill Nursery (formerly Bell Family Nursery)

•             Amethyst Hill Nursery (formerly Bell Family Nursery)

•             Hydrangeas Plus

Anioleka Seeds Company (Anioleka Seeds US)

•             Anioleka Seeds Company (Anioleka Seeds US)

•             Tasty Tomatoes Heirloom Tomato Seeds Company (Tomato-Seeds.com)

Arcadia Glasshouse

•             Arcadia Glasshouse

•             OrchidSupplies.com

Aroidia Research

•             Aroidia Research

•             Rainbow Eucalyptus (Aroidia Research)

•             Superoots® Air-Pots (Aroidia Research)

Ashdown Roses, Ltd.

•             Ashdown Roses, Ltd.

•             Rose Peddler

Australian Orchid Nursery

•             Australian Orchid Nursery

•             Cymbidium Orchids in Australia

Autumn Ridge Nursery (aka autumnridgenursery.com)

•             Autumn Ridge Nursery (aka autumnridgenursery.com)

•             Go Grow Green Nursery

•             Summerstone Nursery

Avon Bulbs

•             Avon Bulbs

•             Floral Fireworks

B & T World Seeds

•             B & T World Seeds

•             Sweet Freedom Farm

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co.

•             Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co.

•             Abundant Acres

•             The Heirloom Gardener Magazine

Ball Publishing/Blackstreet Capital

•             Park Seed Company (aka Park’s Gardens)

•             DollarSeedStore.com

•             Jackson & Perkins

•             Park Seed Wholesale Growers

•             Park’s Landscapes

•             Perfect Plant, LLC

•             Wayside Gardens

Bambu-u

•             Bambu-u

•             Hardy Tropicals

Benner’s Gardens Inc. Deer Fencing

•             Benner’s Gardens Inc. Deer Fencing

•             Moss Acres

Bentley Gardens.com

•             Bentley Gardens.com

•             Hosta Liners

Better Homes and Gardens® (Meredith Books)

•             Better Homes and Gardens® (Meredith Books)

•             Better Homes and Gardens Store (bhg.com)

•             Country Home Country Gardens

•             Garden Shed®

•             Garden, Deck and Landscape®

Birds Choice

•             Birds Choice

•             Avian Aquatics

Blue Fox Farm

•             Blue Fox Farm

•             Alannah’s Greenhouses

Bluegrass Gardens Daylily Farm

•             Bluegrass Gardens Daylily Farm

•             Brian Mahieu

Boston Mountain Nurseries

•             Boston Mountain Nurseries

•             Arkansas Berry & Plant Farm

Botanical Interests, Inc.

•             Botanical Interests, Inc.

•             TinySeeds.com

Bramcote Bulbs

•             Bramcote Bulbs

•             ShowGlads.com

Brewery Creek Garden Center

•             Brewery Creek Garden Center

•             BestPeony.com

Burgess Seed

•             Burgess Seed

•             Direct Gardening

•             Dutch Gardens

•             Farmer Seed and Nursery

•             Four Seasons Nursery

•             Honeycreek Nurseries

•             House of Wesley

•             Inter-State Nurseries

•             Kelly Nurseries

•             Richard Owen Nursery / Exciting Gardens

•             Royal Dutch

Burpee (W. Atlee Burpee)

•             Burpee (W. Atlee Burpee)

•             Heronswood Nursery

•             The Cook’s Garden

C & M Drewitt Rare and Unusual Bulbs

•             C & M Drewitt Rare and Unusual Bulbs

•             Timothy Drewitt Bulb Nurseries

Chris Bowers & Sons Whispering Trees Nurseries

•             Chris Bowers & Sons Whispering Trees Nurseries

•             John Bowers Daylilies

Clean Air Gardening Company

•             Clean Air Gardening Company

•             Easy-Spin Tumbleweed Composter

Commonwealth Plants, LLC (auricula.com)

•             Commonwealth Plants, LLC (auricula.com)

•             Japanese-Maple.com

Container Dahlias

•             Container Dahlias

•             Ryecroft Dahlias – USA

Country Home Products (also dba DR Chipper and DR Field and Brush Mower)

•             Country Home Products (also dba DR Chipper and DR Field and Brush Mower)

•             DR Trimmer/Mower

•             Neuton Mowers

Crape Myrtles Inc. (also dba Crape Myrtle Farms and Lagerstroemia.com)

•             Crape Myrtles Inc. (also dba Crape Myrtle Farms and Lagerstroemia.com)

•             Mini Crape Myrtles

Crimson Sage Nursery

•             Crimson Sage Nursery

•             Medicinal Herb Plants Nursery

Critterfence.com

•             Critterfence.com

•             Critterfence Deer Grates

•             Deerfencing.com

•             Kittyfence.com

Cross Border Daylilies

•             Cross Border Daylilies

•             Distinctly Creative Designs

Crownsville Nursery

•             Crownsville Nursery

•             Bridgewood Gardens

Daffies

•             Daffies

•             Pedigreed Deerproof Heirloom Flowers

•             Worms for Kitchen Composting

David Austin Roses (UK)

•             David Austin Roses (UK)

•             David Austin Roses (US)

De Groot, Inc.

•             De Groot, Inc.

•             Great Lakes Nursery Co.

Deer Scram

•             Deer Scram

•             Rabbit Scram

Deerbusters (Trident Enterprises)

•             Deerbusters (Trident Enterprises)

•             ElectricFenceCompany.com

•             GardeningBulbs.com

•             MasterGardening.com

Diane’s Flower Seeds

•             Diane’s Flower Seeds

•             Diane’s Daylilies

Dobbies Garden Centres

•             Dobbies Garden Centres

•             Dobbies Garden Centre (formerly Grovelands Online)

EZPlant.com

•             EZPlant.com

•             EZdaylily.com

•             EZgrasses.com

•             EZhosta.com

•             EZiris.com

Eagle Creek Seed Potatoes

•             Eagle Creek Seed Potatoes

•             Becker’s Seed Potatoes

Easy Exotics Connoisseurs Choice

•             Easy Exotics Connoisseurs Choice

•             Easy Cactus

•             Easy Carnivores

•             Easy Fruit

•             Easy Orchids

Easy to Grow Bulbs

•             Easy to Grow Bulbs

•             Willow Creek Gardens

Ednie Flower Bulb, Inc.

•             Ednie Flower Bulb, Inc.

•             Wooden Shoe Bulb Farm

Elmore Orchids

•             Elmore Orchids

•             Elmore Ferns

Emperor Aquatics Pond & Water Garden Supplies

•             Emperor Aquatics Pond & Water Garden Supplies

•             QualityUVLamps.com

Empress Tree Nurseries (aka Paulownia Supply & fastgrowingtree.com)

•             Empress Tree Nurseries (aka Paulownia Supply & fastgrowingtree.com)

•             Brighter Blooms Nursery

Essence of the tree

•             Essence of the tree

•             Mountain Maples

Fedco Seeds

•             Fedco Seeds

•             Fedco Bulbs

•             Fedco Trees

•             Moose Tubers

•             Organic Growers Supply

ForFruitTrees.com (Moser Fruit Tree Sales)

•             ForFruitTrees.com (Moser Fruit Tree Sales)

•             Grandpa’s Orchard, LLC

Foster & Gallagher, Inc.

•             Foster & Gallagher, Inc.

•             Spring Garden Canada

•             The Gardenstore

Frangipani Heaven

•             Frangipani Heaven

•             Brad’s Buds and Blooms

Freedom Tree Farms (formerly Hollydale Nursery)

•             Freedom Tree Farms (formerly Hollydale Nursery)

•             TreesDirectOnline.com

Fruit Lover’s Nursery

•             Fruit Lover’s Nursery

•             Fruit Lover’s Seed Co.

Garden Gazebo

•             Garden Gazebo

•             Amish Soil Company, Inc. (Tewksbury Gardens PooPets)

Garden Store-N-More

•             Garden Store-N-More

•             The Garden Express

Gardener’s Choice

•             Gardener’s Choice

•             GardeningTouch.com (Giant Tomatoes)

•             Spring River Nurseries Inc

•             TomatoGiant.com

Gardenocity

•             Gardenocity

•             Patiolover.com

•             Seedlover.com

•             Yardlover.com

Gardens Alive!

•             Gardens Alive!

•             Audubon Workshop

•             Breck’s Bulbs

•             Gurney’s Seed & Nursery

•             Henry Field’s Seed & Nursery

•             Michigan Bulb

•             mySEASONS Garden Solutions

•             New Holland Bulb Co.

•             Spring Hill Nursery (aka SpringHillNursery.com)

Gautam Global

•             Gautam Global

•             Seeds Vendor (The Seed Collector)

GoSucculent.com

•             GoSucculent.com

•             Daniel’s Specialty Nursery

Gourmet Seed International

•             Gourmet Seed International

•             Italian Cooks’ Seed Co.

•             Italian Seed and Tool

Greenhouses.com

•             Greenhouses.com

•             Pondkits.com

Growquest Growers (also dba Olive-Trees.net and Surf & Sierra Wholesale Nurseries, LLC)

•             Growquest Growers (also dba Olive-Trees.net and Surf & Sierra Wholesale Nurseries, LLC)

•             ABP Nursery, A Surf & Sierra LLC Co. (formerly A Better Plant Grower)

Hardyplants.com

•             Hardyplants.com

•             Specialty Perennials

Heavenly Gardens

•             Heavenly Gardens

•             Extreme Daylilies

Hedges Online

•             Hedges Online

•             Roses Online

Heirloom Roses

•             Heirloom Roses

•             ClimbingRoses.com (formerly Hardy Roses)

•             John’s Miniature Roses

Heirloom Roses Canada (Old Heirloom Roses)

•             Heirloom Roses Canada (Old Heirloom Roses)

•             Heirloom’s Daylily Website

Heirloom Seeds

•             Heirloom Seeds

•             The Tomato Patch (heirloomtomatoes.com)

Heirloom Tomato Seed Exchange

•             Heirloom Tomato Seed Exchange

•             Tomato Seed City

Heritage Bulbs (part of Heritage Gardening Ltd.)

•             Heritage Bulbs (part of Heritage Gardening Ltd.)

•             Wild About Bulbs

•             Wild About Veg

Hidden Springs Flower Farm

•             Hidden Springs Flower Farm

•             Rice Creek Gardens Inc.

Hollow Creek Tree Farm

•             Hollow Creek Tree Farm

•             QuickTrees.com

Holly Hill Daylily Farm

•             Holly Hill Daylily Farm

•             Chatham Wholesale Daylily Growers

Home and Garden Sales Online (Midwest Internet Sales)

•             Home and Garden Sales Online (Midwest Internet Sales)

•             Cedar Tree Gardens

•             Rain Barrels and More

House Plants 4 Less

•             House Plants 4 Less

•             Ferns 4 Less

•             Philodendrons 4 Less

Hudler Carolina Tree Farm

•             Hudler Carolina Tree Farm

•             West End Wreaths

Hummert International

•             Hummert International

•             Hummert Seeds (formerly Chesmore Seed Company)

Hydro-Stacker (Hydrostacker.com)

•             Hydro-Stacker (Hydrostacker.com)

•             Hydro-Stacker Canada Inc.

International Garden Products

•             International Garden Products

•             Briggs Nursery, Inc.

•             Skagit Gardens

•             Vandenberg Bulbs

•             Weeks Wholesale Roses Grower, Inc

International Greenhouse Company (IGC)

•             International Greenhouse Company (IGC)

•             4Greenhouses.com (IGC)

•             GreenhouseMegaStore.com (IGC)

JFNew

•             JFNew

•             Prairie Ridge Nursery

Johnson Daylily Garden

•             Johnson Daylily Garden

•             Johnson Bamboo

Jonsteen Company

•             Jonsteen Company

•             Sequoiatrees.com (The Jonsteen Company)

Jung Family/Richard and Nathan Zondag/”Seeds for the World”

•             J.W. Jung Seed (Not to be confused with Jung Seed Genetics, which is a entirely different company that is a Monsanto subsidiary)

•             Edmunds’ Roses

•             eGardener’s Place

•             Horticultural Products and Services (HPS)

•             McClure & Zimmerman Quality Flowerbulb Brokers

•             Plants of Distinction (US fulfillment)

•             R.H. Shumway Seeds

•             Roots and Rhizomes

•             Seymour’s Selected Seeds (out of business for the most part, but still has website)

•             Totally Tomatoes

•             Vermont Bean Seed Company

•             Usernames “auctioneersbd” and “gentz13”, among others, on Ebay.com (look for sellers that ship from Beaver Dam or Randolph, WI)

Jungle Gardens

•             Jungle Gardens

•             Jungle Seeds & Gardens

Katz Kuntry Kuttins

•             Katz Kuntry Kuttins

•             Southern Pine Perennials

Kings Seeds

•             Kings Seeds

•             Suffolk Herbs

Klehm’s Song Sparrow Perennial Farm

•             Klehm’s Song Sparrow Perennial Farm

•             Red Barn Gardens

Krackin Premium Plants

•             Krackin Premium Plants

•             Stoogie Holler Seeds

Kurt Bluemel Inc.

•             Kurt Bluemel Inc.

•             Earthly Pursuits

Lawnrite

•             Lawnrite

•             Crabgrass Alert Company

LilyBLOOMS Aquatic Gardens

•             LilyBLOOMS Aquatic Gardens

•             Pond Plants Direct

Lilyseeds.com (Ribbon Nursery)

•             Lilyseeds.com (Ribbon Nursery)

•             Peonyseeds.com (Ribbon Nursery)

Lipenwald Inc.

•             Lipenwald Inc.

•             Gardener’s Choice

Lynch Creek Farm

•             Lynch Creek Farm

•             Lynch Creek Dahlias

Mantis Tools

•             Mantis Tools

•             Mantis ComposT-Twin

Marshalls Seeds

•             Marshalls Seeds

•             Unwins at Elm House Nurseries

Martha By Mail (Martha Stewart)

•             Martha By Mail (Martha Stewart)

•             Martha Stewart Living

McFayden Seeds

•             McFayden Seeds

•             McConnell Nurseries

McKenzie Farms Nursery

•             McKenzie Farms Nursery

•             World Wide Plants

MeyerLemonTree.com

•             MeyerLemonTree.com

•             KeyLimePieTree.com

•             PalmTreePlant.com

Milk Ranch Specialty Potatoes, LLC

•             Milk Ranch Specialty Potatoes, LLC

•             Ronniger Potato Farm LLC

MiloSeeds

•             MiloSeeds

•             Gourmet Tomato Seed Of The Month Club

•             Seed of the Month Club

•             The Tomato Seed Store

Monty’s Joy Juice (Monty’s Plant Food Co.)

•             Monty’s Joy Juice (Monty’s Plant Food Co.)

•             Monty’s Plant Food

Morton’s Horticultural Porducts, Inc.

•             Morton’s Horticultural Porducts, Inc.

•             Granny’s House

Mr. Fothergills’ Seeds

•             Mr. Fothergills’ Seeds

•             Mr Fothergill’s Seeds and Bulbs

•             Mr. Fothergill’s Seeds, Canada (TWD Lawn & Garden Products)

Muck Boots Online.com

•             Muck Boots Online.com

•             Garden Shoes Online

NetShops, Inc.

•             NetShops, Inc.

•             AdirondackChairs.com

•             BirdBaths.com

•             Great Benches

•             Hammocks.com

•             PatioFurnitureUSA.com

•             Porchswings.com

•             PottingBenches.com

•             Simply Fountains

•             SimplyArbors.com

•             SimplyPlanters.com

Netherland Bulb Company

•             Netherland Bulb Company

•             Quality Dutch Bulbs Inc.

New England Seed Company

•             New England Seed Company

•             Carolina Seeds

Nitron Industries

•             Nitron Industries

•             Garden IQ.com

Nola’s Iris Garden (Prevost Ranch and Gardens)

•             Nola’s Iris Garden (Prevost Ranch and Gardens)

•             Chailey Iris Garden

•             Leota’s Iris Garden

Nor’ East Miniature Roses® (division of Greenheart Farms, Inc.)

•             Nor’ East Miniature Roses® (division of Greenheart Farms, Inc.)

•             Tiny Petals Nursery

OVM Seeds

•             OVM Seeds

•             Seed Empire

Oakes Daylilies

•             Oakes Daylilies

•             Paradise Garden

OneDollarSeedStore.com

•             OneDollarSeedStore.com

•             Flora Exotica

OutdoorDecor.com

•             OutdoorDecor.com

•             Aaron’s Outdoors

Pacific Callas

•             Pacific Callas

•             Elephant Ears by Pacific Callas

Palms & Gardens

•             Palms & Gardens

•             Banana Garden.com

•             Tropical Favorites.com

Paradise Palm Co.

•             Paradise Palm Co.

•             Willis Orchard Company

Patio Plants

•             Patio Plants

•             Aquilegia Seed

Peas & Corn

•             Peas & Corn

•             HawsWateringCans.com (Haws Watering Cans)

PendulousPlants.com

•             PendulousPlants.com

•             SmallPlants.com

Perfect Perennials Daylily Nursery (HardyHems.com)

•             Perfect Perennials Daylily Nursery (HardyHems.com)

•             Thomas Gardens

Philadelphia Houseplant Wholesalers Inc

•             Philadelphia Houseplant Wholesalers Inc

•             Siam Orchids USA Inc

Plant Signs

•             Plant Signs

•             South Coast Palms

PlantKingdom.com

•             PlantKingdom.com

•             Koi Garden Club

PlantMakers (tomatomaker.com)

•             PlantMakers (tomatomaker.com)

•             Plants Can Live

Pond Megastore

•             Pond Megastore

•             Treasure Island Aquatics

PondSolutions.com

•             PondSolutions.com

•             AbsolutePonds.com

PondsOnline.ca

•             PondsOnline.ca

•             PondsOnline.com

•             PondUSA.com

Primeval Gardens

•             Primeval Gardens

•             Dragonflies & Tadpoles

Prize Seeds.com

•             Prize Seeds.com

•             FloatingFlora.com

Pure Food Hydroponics

•             Pure Food Hydroponics

•             Micro Hydroponics

Rainbow Acres

•             Rainbow Acres

•             Fred Kerr’s Iris

Rainbow Iris Farms

•             Rainbow Iris Farms

•             Gormley Greenery

Ratcliffe Orchids Ltd.

•             Ratcliffe Orchids Ltd.

•             Ratcliffe Orchids, LLC

Red Ox Machines (PBM Group)

•             Red Ox Machines (PBM Group)

•             ComposTumbler (PBM Group)

•             Gardener’s Greenhouse (PBM Group)

•             Vortine™ High Performance Mini Tiller

Redland Nursery

•             Redland Nursery

•             Botanical Treasures

Renee’s Garden Seeds

•             Renee’s Garden Seeds

•             Cornucopia Garden Seeds

Rich Farm Garden Supply

•             Rich Farm Garden Supply

•             Agrich, Inc.

Riverbend Gardens

•             Riverbend Gardens

•             Jope’s Bonsai Studio

Roberts Flower Supply

•             Roberts Flower Supply

•             Wetworks Misting Systems

Robrick Nursery

•             Robrick Nursery

•             FloridaSun Farms

Rogers & Webster Miracle-Bush™ Tomatoes (also dba PublishersChoice.com)

•             Rogers & Webster Miracle-Bush™ Tomatoes (also dba PublishersChoice.com)

•             MBT Nursery Sales (Miracle Bush Tomatoes)

Roguelands Heirloom Vegetable Seeds Company (seedfest.co.uk)

•             Roguelands Heirloom Vegetable Seeds Company (seedfest.co.uk)

•             Anioleka Seeds Company (Anioleka Seeds US)

•             Cheap Seeds.net

•             Eggplant Seeds.com

Roll ‘n Grow (RollnGrow.com)

•             Roll ‘n Grow (RollnGrow.com)

•             Topsy Turvy (HangingingTomato.com)

S & S Seeds

•             S & S Seeds

•             Albright Seed Company

•             Pacific Coast Seed

Safer® Brand

•             Safer® Brand

•             Havahart®

Saflora Plant Nursery

•             Saflora Plant Nursery

•             Clivias from SAflora

Sand Mountain Herbs

•             Sand Mountain Herbs

•             Herb Roots

Seed Savers Exchange

•             Seed Savers Exchange

•             Flower & Herb Exchange

Seedland.com (also dba GardenSeeds.com and GardenPatio.com)

•             Seedland.com (also dba GardenSeeds.com and GardenPatio.com)

•             FarmSeeds.com

Seedman.com

•             Seedman.com

•             NextHarvest.com

Seeds Trust

•             Seeds Trust

•             High Altitude Gardens

Sellsonic.com

•             Sellsonic.com

•             A.W. Brown’s

•             Country Gardens, Inc.

•             Ednie Flower Bulb, Inc.

•             Garden Value Outlet

•             Harbor Garden Center

•             Katonah Nursery

•             Moscarillo’s Garden Shoppe

•             Port Jeff Agway

•             Sixteen Acres Garden Center

•             Tom’s Home and Garden

•             Zergott Landscaping, Inc. (Online Store)

Shady Oaks Ginseng Farm

•             Shady Oaks Ginseng Farm

•             Shady Oaks Blueberry Farm

Solexx Greenhouses (formerly Farm Wholesale Greenhouses)

•             Solexx Greenhouses (formerly Farm Wholesale Greenhouses)

•             The Greenhouse Catalog

Southern Business Express

•             Southern Business Express

•             Borghese Gardens

•             Curious Goods

•             Dutch Faust World Wide Exotic Seed Company (Faust & Associates)

•             GreenDealer Exotic Seeds

•             Gudseeds.com

•             Hurricane Seeds (HurricaneSeeds.com)

•             Joe Windham Enterprises

•             Organica Seed

•             Rachel’s Tomato Seed Supply (Rachel’s Pepper Seed Supply)

•             Rancid Sawdust.com

•             Rex’s Seed Co.

•             Seedman.com

•             Seeds etc.

•             Tea Herb Farm

•             The GreenWeb

•             Virtual Seeds & Flags

•             Wendy’s Wonderful Herbs/Seeds

Spangle Creek Labs

•             Spangle Creek Labs

•             Itasca Ladyslipper Farm

SpiritLiving Co. (Spirit Living Co.)

•             SpiritLiving Co. (Spirit Living Co.)

•             BambooFurnitureCollection.com, a SpiritLiving Co. (Bamboo Furniture)

•             Cedar-Sheds.com, a SpiritLiving Co. (Cedar Sheds.com)

•             Spirit Elements, LLC

Spruce Creek Rainsaver

•             Spruce Creek Rainsaver

•             EZ Composter (Spruce Creek Company)

•             rainbarrel.net

Stanley & Sons Nursery

•             Stanley & Sons Nursery

•             Aesthetic Gardens

Stark Brothers

•             Miller Seeds and Nursery

State-by-State Gardening

•             State-by-State Gardening

•             Alabama GARDENER

•             Arkansas GARDENER

•             Georgia GARDENING

•             Kentucky GARDENER

•             Louisiana GARDENER

•             Mississippi GARDENER

•             Oklahoma GARDENER

•             Tennessee GARDENER

•             Virginia GARDENER

Stone Lantern

•             Stone Lantern

•             Bonsai Today

Superior Growers Supply (SGS)

•             Superior Growers Supply (SGS)

•             Home Harvest Garden Supply (Division of Superior Growers Supply, Inc.)

Suttons Seeds

•             Suttons Seeds

•             Dobies Garden (Samuel Dobie & Son)

•             Ferndale Lodge

Teak Wicker & More (CSN Stores)

•             Teak Wicker & More (CSN Stores)

•             All Greenhouses (div. of CSN Stores, Inc.)

Tennessee Wholesale Nursery (D & T Wholesale Nursery)

•             Tennessee Wholesale Nursery (D & T Wholesale Nursery)

•             Quick Growing Trees (quick-growing-trees.com)

•             TN Nursery

•             Wetland Supplies

Territorial Seed Company

•             Territorial Seed Company

•             Abundant Life Seeds

The English Garden (UK edition)

•             The English Garden (UK edition)

•             The English Garden (US & Canadian edition)

The Liquid Fence Company

•             The Liquid Fence Company

•             CowPots

The Strawberry Store

•             The Strawberry Store

•             fraises des bois

Thompson and Morgan (UK)

•             Thompson and Morgan (UK)

•             Thompson and Morgan (US)

Thompson and Morgan (US)

•             Thompson and Morgan (US)

•             ValueSeeds.com

Tip Top Bio-Control

•             Tip Top Bio-Control

•             Gardening Zone (gardeningzone.com)

Tom’s Home and Garden

•             Tom’s Home and Garden

•             Garden-Shops.com

•             Holland Bulbs Direct

•             Perennials Direct (Deerproof Perennials.com)

Tomato Bob’s Heirloom Tomatoes

•             Tomato Bob’s Heirloom Tomatoes

•             Heirloom Tomatoes

Touch of Nature, Inc.

•             Touch of Nature, Inc.

•             eFlowerGarden

Tree Heaven (aka Tree Paradise.com, Veychek Gardens & Nursery Inc.)

•             Tree Heaven (aka Tree Paradise.com, Veychek Gardens & Nursery Inc.)

•             Daylily Paradise (Veychek Gardens & Nursery Inc.)

•             Maples By Mail

Trinity Ranch

•             Trinity Ranch

•             Magic Worm Ranch

Tuscumbia Iron Works

•             Tuscumbia Iron Works

•             Coble Metal Works (dba Southeastern Architectural Metals)

University Scientific Corporation

•             University Scientific Corporation

•             Sporebank (Sporebank.com)

•             Sporestore (Sporestore.com)

Van Bourgondien Dutch Bulbs

•             Van Bourgondien Dutch Bulbs

•             Gardening123 BulbMall

•             Van Dyck’s

Van Engelen, Inc.

•             Van Engelen, Inc.

•             John Scheepers Kitchen Garden Seeds

•             John Scheepers, Inc.

VanDusen Volunteer Seed Collectors’ Seed Store

•             VanDusen Volunteer Seed Collectors’ Seed Store

•             Twining Vine Garden

Vintage Gardens Antique Roses

•             Vintage Gardens Antique Roses

•             Apple Art Espalier

Weed Ox (division of Black River Tools Inc.)

•             Weed Ox (division of Black River Tools Inc.)

•             Father Nature (division of Black River Tools Inc.)

Weekend Gardener (NZ)

•             Weekend Gardener (NZ)

•             Weekend Gardener (AUS)

WheatgrassKits.com

•             WheatgrassKits.com

•             GenericSeeds.com

•             HerbKits.com

White Flower Farm

•             White Flower Farm

•             Shepherd’s Garden Seeds

Wild Birds Forever

•             Wild Birds Forever

•             The Backyard Shoppe

Wildflower World

•             Wildflower World

•             GardenPost

Willows

•             Willows

•             Willows Specialist Cyclamen Nursery

Winsome Orchids, Inc.

•             Winsome Orchids, Inc.

•             Billy’s Buds Orchids and More

Winterberry Farms Tissue Culture

•             Winterberry Farms Tissue Culture

•             The Plant Source

•             Wild Gingers at The Plant Collector Nursery

ihort (International Horticultural Technologies, LLC)

•             ihort (International Horticultural Technologies, LLC)

•             QuickPlug Growing Systems

jmbamboo

•             jmbamboo

•             BigPlants

mySEASONS Garden Solutions

•             mySEASONS Garden Solutions

•             Foster & Gallagher, Inc.

•             Rocky Meadow Orchard & Nursery

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2013. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Knock ’em Dead: Tried and True Way to Get Rid of Ants


As shown in many of my past blog articles…

https://horticulturetalk.wordpress.com/2012/08/07/lawn-care-ants-and-asparagus-oh-my/

https://horticulturetalk.wordpress.com/2010/06/08/taking-down-invaders-removing-ants-from-your-home-and-garden/

https://horticulturetalk.wordpress.com/2013/04/18/red-hot-asparagus-fire-ants-invade/

…it’s pretty evident that ants are a constant bane of a gardener’s or home owner’s existance.

When I was living in my last rental residence, I had severe problems with ants. They came in the bedroom and didn’t really seem to be interested in anything in particular — other than crawling up on my bed! I never had food in the room, so there was no reason for them to be there. After trying many products, like Tarro and straight Borax, I found the perfect solution.

As a way to see if the ants would ‘take the bait’, I put a small bit of jelly on a piece of cardboard and set it in the bedroom. Within an hour, I think the whole anthill was there partaking in the food (insert thought of why they did not go to the kitchen about 15 feet away where there was tons of food). In getting creative (and desperate), I decided to mix borax in with the jelly for the next feeding. Use enough of each to make a thin paste — not like clay, but liquidy enough that the jelly is still a bit gel-like.  Put it on a small paper plate or piece of cardboard in the area where it is needed. Within about 12 hours (overnight), you will be hard pressed to find an ant. Works well for sweet, black, and red ants.

 

© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2013. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Plant a Scent-tastic Garden!


As a new homeowner, I finally have all the space I need to do what I want with my gardening prowess.  One of the many things I have been wanting to do for a long time is plant a ‘scent garden’ near an outdoor sitting area. There is nothing like the onslaught of heavenly aromas one encounters as you make your way down a garden path or sit with a good book while being enveloped in a euphoria of brightly colored flowers emitting nirvanic odors. The cause could be the winds gently nudging the viburnum branches or the oils of a scented geranium leaf being released by the brush of a sleeve.

Instead of enjoying a scented garden a friend’s house or the local botanical gardens, why not specifically plant a scented garden that includes some of your favorites at your house? With a little planning and a few seeds or plants, you too can turn your patio or balcony or bare patch of ground in the corner into a bower surrounded by aromatic plants that will make your gardening experience all the sweeter!

A few tips on designing your scent garden:
1)    Place the garden in an area that either gets frequent foot traffic or is next to a seating area so you and your visitors can enjoy it.
2)    A south-facing garden will not only allow a wider variety of plants, but the sun can release additional scents more so than a shaded area.
3)   Use an assortment of each group of plants below for season-long blooms and scents.

This list is just a bare-bones starter — there are many more plants that can be found regionally with equally wonderful scents. Check your local garden scent to find out what grows in your area.  (Note: some annuals can be perennials in more southern climates and some perennials are annuals in more northern climates.)

Annuals:
Dianthus
Heliotrope (Blue/Purple varieties)
Nicotiana
Petunia
Stock
Sweet alyssum
Tuberose
Perennials:
Agastache
Autumn Snakeroot
Creeping Phlox
Daffodils
Hyacinths
Iris
Lavender
Lily-of-the-Valley
Phlox

Shrubs:
Azaleas
Gardenia
Lilac
Mock orange
Roses
Viburnums
White forsythia

Vines:
Honeysuckle
Jasmine
Moonflower
Sweet Pea

Herbs:
Basil
Mint
Parsley
Rosemary

 

© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2013. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Lawn Care, Ants, and Asparagus, Oh My!


***Insert a consulting call I had today in which George and I discussed Lawn Care, Ants, and Asparagus. ***

_____________________________________________________________________________

Dear George,

It was good to talk to you today about your asparagus and the problems you have been having with the ants.  As discussed, here is the information on controlling the weeds in your asparagus bed and taking care of those pesty ants.

Weed management in asparagus can be divided into two periods: stand establishment, which lasts about 2 years, and mature plantings. Weed control during stand establishment is complicated in asparagus by the fact that three methods of establishment are used: direct seeding, transplanting seedlings, or transplanting dormant crowns. During stand establishment, tailor weed management techniques to the establishment method. If weeds are left uncontrolled during this period, a weak asparagus stand can develop and limit the potential of the bed for the rest of its stand life. Producing a uniform, vigorous asparagus stand and maintaining it in this condition can mitigate most weed control problems. Asparagus is a very good competitor with most annual weeds when it is a mature fern, especially if the stand is uniform and vigorous.

Once established, an asparagus bed has a stand life of from 5 to 20 years. At first, in newly established beds, annual weeds are the main problem, but as time passes, perennial weeds often become the major concern. These perennial weeds include yellow nutsedge, bed bindweed, swamp smartweed, johnsongrass, and bermudagrass. If perennial weeds become established, they can be troublesome throughout the growing period by reducing crown vigor and density and ultimately asparagus yield and quality. Perennial weeds are difficult to control culturally or chemically without injury to the asparagus, therefore prevention becomes a major tool in combating these weed pests.

To help prevent infestation of the bed by perennial weeds, be sure that seeds, tubers, stolons, rhizomes, and rootstocks of perennial weeds are not moved into asparagus beds with planting materials or on cultivation equipment. If spot infestations of perennial weeds are noted in the bed, mark the area with flags and mechanically remove the infestation. Following removal, monitor the area for at least 2 to 7 years to make sure that reinfestation from propagules or seed does not occur.

Established asparagus beds are harvested from early spring through early summer. Spears, which develop from the underground crown, are cut on a 1- to 3-day cycle, depending on temperature. During the harvest period, spears provide virtually no shade to reduce weed competition. Annual weeds can be a problem in established stands at this time because the beds are open and exposed to light. It is most important to have beds weed-free to facilitate harvest and increase soil temperature.

Preemergent herbicides can be applied either pre- or post-cutting to control many of the annual weeds that cause problems in the crop. On the other hand, monitoring for perennial weeds must be carried out throughout the year and treatment made as soon as they are detected. Initially, perennial weeds tend to develop at the head and tail of beds; spot treat infestations immediately with a foliar herbicide to prevent their spread into the bed.

After the last harvest of the season, asparagus spears are allowed to grow into the fern stage, during which the asparagus plant replenishes the carbohydrate supply in the crown for the next season. The period between harvesting spears and allowing the spears to grow into ferns is a good time for controlling both annual and perennial weeds. Also light tillage can be utilized and some herbicides can be applied in a timely manner. Once the spears have grown into ferns, cultivation and hand removal of weeds during the fern stage is difficult because equipment movement is restricted due to the dense fern growth. However, dense fern growth restricts light thereby minimizing much of the late emerging annual weed growth.

Weed management is most effective when herbicides are used in conjunction with cultural practices. Cultural practices such as proper bed selection, fallow treatment, cultivation, and hand removal help to improve herbicide performance by leaving fewer weeds; therefore a combination of both cultural and chemical control methods can give the best overall result.

Herbicides are often used in sequence or in combination to broaden the weed control spectrum; a single herbicide will seldom control all weeds present. To avoid a buildup of resistant weeds, use preemergent herbicides in combination or alternated with another preemergent herbicide.

Paraquat (Gramoxone Extra) and glyphosate (Roundup) can be used as preplant or preemergent treatments to control emerged weeds before planting or before asparagus emergence. Make sure the emerged asparagus is not contacted by these herbicides or the plants will be killed.

During the first 2 years after planting, the asparagus plants become established. Weed control is critical to the long-term well-being of the crop during this period, and it relies on both cultural and chemical controls.

For all three methods of stand establishment, planting beds are used and beds can be lightly cultivated several times during the season to throw soil onto the bed tops, thus keeping weed competition to a minimum.

Direct Bed Seeding. In direct seeding, asparagus is seeded into raised beds that may be cultivated during stand establishment to control weeds in the furrow and bed shoulders. The seedling asparagus is slow to emerge, requiring from 14 to 21 days. Once emerged it continues to grow slowly and is not competitive with most weed seedlings. This emphasizes the need to plant into beds that have a low soil weed seedbank or that have been fallow irrigated and cultivated to reduce the weed seedbank. If it is necessary to remove weed seedlings from the rows of seedling asparagus, this can be done with herbicides or by hand removal. Weed management at this stage is important in order to establish a uniform, competitive asparagus stand. Control weeds for the first 3 to 4 months in seedling asparagus until a heavy fern cover is established.

Linuron (Lorox) controls a broad spectrum of broadleaf and grass weeds and has both soil and foliar activity. Apply linuron as a directed spray to minimize contact with asparagus foliage when asparagus seedlings have from 6 to 18 inches of growth.

Sethoxydim (Poast) is used for controlling most annual grass species, except annual bluegrass. It is also effective in the control of some perennial grass species, however, more than one application is necessary. Its effectiveness requires that grasses not be under moisture stress. Later growth stages of annual grasses are more difficult to control.

Fluazifop-p-butyl (Fusilade) is a selective systemic grass herbicide that must be applied before grasses are 3 to 4 inches tall for best control. Asparagus seedlings are relatively tolerant of fluazifop, which can be applied as a broadcast application.

Transplanting Seedlings. Planting of 10- to 12-week-old transplants hastens the establishment process compared to direct seeding. Transplants are planted into trenches and usually sprinkler irrigated. This procedure allows weeds to germinate within the planted area. The young asparagus seedling is a poor competitor; thus early weed management is essential for plant survival and growth. As with direct-seeded asparagus, it is necessary to control weeds until a heavy uniform fern cover is established. The same materials used for direct-seeded asparagus can be used for transplanted seedlings.

Crown Planting. Crown planting is done when the asparagus crowns are dormant. The crowns are set into trenches and covered with 2 to 4 inches of soil, followed by rainfall or furrow or sprinkler irrigation to settle the soil around the crowns. Weed emergence soon follows, often before asparagus emergence. Rapidly growing weeds must be removed from within the planted beds. As the asparagus grows, the furrow and sides of the beds can be cultivated, which throws some soil onto the bed tops. This soil fills in around the plants and provides some weed control as small weed seedlings may be buried. As with the previous two methods of stand establishment, timely cultivations and hand removal of weeds or herbicide treatments are needed during the first season until a uniform fern cover is produced.

Paraquat (Gramoxone Inteon) is a contact herbicide that is effective against both grasses and broadleaf weeds and must be applied before asparagus spears emerge. It is most effective when applied as a broadcast application to weeds that are in the two- to four-leaf stage.

Linuron (Lorox) can be used on crown-planted seedling beds to control a broad spectrum of broadleaf and grass weeds and has both soil and foliar activity. Use linuron as a directed spray to minimize contact with asparagus foliage when asparagus seedlings have from 6 to 18 inches of growth.

Diuron (Karmex and others) may be used in the San Joaquin Delta only on high organic matter or clay content soils. It is a broad-spectrum preemergent herbicide that is useful in controlling emerging annual weeds; however, it is not very effective in the control of common groundsel, sowthistle, volunteer cereals, and wild oats.

Fluazifop may be applied for grass control after the asparagus spears have emerged. It is most effective when applied before the grasses are 6 inches tall.

ESTABLISHED ASPARAGUS. The term “established asparagus” refers to plantings that are 2 or more years old. Once crop plants are established, focus weed management efforts first on limiting establishment and spread of perennial weeds, which can reduce the vigor and quality of the asparagus stand, and second on controlling annual weeds to avoid competition during the cutting season.

Weed control in established asparagus is only possible during a relatively short window of opportunity that lasts about 4 months. This period begins with preharvest cultivations, when beds are tilled and shaped before the harvest season. It also includes the harvest period, when shallow cultivations can be used to control weeds; limit cultivation to the furrows, however, because cultivation on the bed tops will interrupt harvest for a period of up to 10 days. The postharvest cultivation, which is possible until the fern limits mechanical activity, is the last chance during the growing season to control weeds by cultivation; after this time the asparagus fern becomes too tall to permit cultivation. Perennial weeds can be difficult to control because of the relatively limited opportunity to cultivate.

Preemergence (When spears are not present). Glyphosate (Roundup) and paraquat (Gramoxone Inteon) may be used on established beds before spears emerge to control newly emerged annual weeds. Asparagus emerged at the time of application will be injured by these herbicides and spears will be unmarketable.

Metribuzin (Sencor) has preemergent activity and postemergent activity on newly emerged annual weeds. If the bed is to be cultivated or rotovated, apply after bed preparation. Irrigation or rainfall is necessary to activate this herbicide.

Diuron (Karmex and others) is useful for the control of many emerging annual weeds, but does not control common groundsel, sowthistle, volunteer cereals, and wild oats. Apply it as a band or broadcast application to weed-free beds and incorporate it mechanically or with irrigation if rainfall does not occur. Do not use it on soils with less than 2% organic matter; use lower rates on coarse-textured soils.

Flumioxazine (Chateau) is useful for the control of a wide-spectrum of broadleaf weeds. Apply it no less than 14 days before spears emerge and before weeds emerge, or burn the weeds back with a tank-mix material. Requires 0.25 inch of rainfall or irrigation to activate.

Halosulfuron (Sandea) can be applied before the cutting season to control broadleaf weeds. Do not use an adjuvant with sprays applied before the harvest period.

Napropamide (Devrinol) is useful in the control of winter annual weeds, such as common groundsel, which are difficult to control with other asparagus herbicides. It has no postemergent activity and should be used after bed preparation before weeds emerge. Napropamide requires shallow mechanical incorporation (one to two inches deep), and if rainfall does not occur, it must be irrigated.

Trifluralin (Treflan and others) is active in the control of many grasses and broadleaf weeds with the exception of those in the sunflower, mustard, cheeseweed, and legume families. Use trifluralin before spears emerge or after cutting but before ferns develop. It has no postemergent activity on weeds and must be mechanically incorporated immediately after application two times in opposite directions with disks or rolling cultivators or one time with a power-driven incorporator. Can suppress the growth of Bermudagrass if applied at this time. Will also suppress bed bindweed at high label rates.

Linuron (Lorox) can be used before harvest. Linuron has a broad spectrum of annual weed control activity. It also has both foliar and soil activity. Its residual soil activity is shorter than other residual asparagus herbicides. This makes it a better choice to use in the last season of an asparagus planting to avoid long-lasting soil residues that could affect succeeding crops. See herbicide labels for plantback restrictions.

Postemergence (After spears emerge). Dicamba (Banvel) is useful for the control of annual broadleaved weeds and troublesome perennials, such as bed bindweed and swamp smartweed. It is applied immediately after spear cutting or as directed sprays to avoid spear and fern contact. Spears that are twisted or malformed as a result of treatment should be cut and discarded. Be sure to comply with all state and county regulations as to proximity to susceptible crops and other restrictions regarding their use.

Linuron (Lorox) can be applied immediately after cutting, but do not harvest within one day after application.

Halosulfuron (Sandea) can be applied during the cutting season to control broadleaf weeds. Do not use an adjuvant with sprays applied during the harvest period.

The grass herbicides sethoxydim (Poast) and fluazifop-p-butyl (Fusilade) can be used on emerged spears. Both have a one-day preharvest interval and work best on actively growing grasses.

Postharvest (Before or at the onset of the fern growth). Halosulfuron (Sandea) can be applied following the cutting season to control broadleaf weeds and yellow nutsedge. A nonionic surfactant or crop oil concentrate may be used with postharvest applications only.

Diuron (Karmex and others) can be used during the postharvest period, but care needs to be taken to not exceed the seasonal limitations.

Linuron (Lorox) can be used during the fern stage by using sprays directed to the base of the fern.

Metribuzin (Sencor) can be used following the final harvest but before spears emerge that will form the fern.

Trifluralin (Treflan and others) can be mechanically incorporated following harvest and before fern growth to suppress grasses and broadleaf weeds.

The grass herbicides sethoxydim (Poast) and fluazifop-p-butyl (Fusilade) can be used on emerged spears and both have a one-day preharvest interval. They all work best on actively growing grasses.

Glyphosate (Roundup) may also be used as a postharvest treatment when all remaining spears have been removed (clean cut). It is useful in controlling emerged annual and perennial weeds; use higher rates of application to control perennials. Direct contact of the spray with asparagus fern can cause serious injury. Glyphosate is useful for spot treating perennial weeds around the edges of asparagus beds to prevent these weed infestations from spreading into the bed on incorporation and cultivation equipment.

I realize that for each of the three methods there is a long list of chemical products that can be used.  If you plan to grow your asparagus organically or do not want to mess around with chemicals, Established beds should be mulched with a weed-free straw or some other type of organic mulch in the early spring, just a shoots are starting to emerge. The few weeds that manage to grow up through the mulch can then be pulled out by hand or dug out if it is a perennial weed. Some sources suggest applying salt to the soil, as asparagus is more tolerant of salt than a lot of other plants. Salt does control weeds, but it can wash into other parts of the garden and damage less salt tolerant plants. It also breaks down the soils structure, so mulching and hand pulling are really your best bet.

As for ants, there are a number of natural home remedies you can use, including planting pennyroyal in the area where the ants are in the yard or around the home, herbal pesticides (available at big box stores and garden centers), and Borax.

Borax will actually kill many different types of insects by dehydrating them until they are nothing but little shells. While it will not destroy a nest of ants unless you take it to them directly (sprinkle it on the hill/nest), it will get rid of any foolish enough to come into your home.  It can usually be found in the laundry detergent section of store, although some Wal-Marts put it with their dish detergent.  Depending on the brand you purchase, it may be “mule trained”.  Either version/brand is okay, just so long as it is Borax.

Target areas of the house that need to be treated. Identify problem areas. These will often be the areas of the house where ants have access to food, like the kitchen and potentially the game room, or water, like bathrooms and other sink areas. You may also have some issues with bedrooms particularly if they have adjacent bathrooms or if you have teenagers that like to snack while they study.

Sprinkle a thin line of borax along the back edges of counters and under cabinets if need be. You can do this by pouring it, but generally it is easier to use a small scoop. The borax just needs to be along the very back of the counter, and you do not need a lot of it. A very thin line is easy to avoid when you are using the counters and will be enough to attract the ants’ attention so that they will eat it.

Make sure that there is borax on the window sills or other potential entrances to your home. Often if ants find something tasty near the entrance to your home, they will change their entrance “plan” and simply consume whatever is closest. By making the borax available right at your doors and windows, they may eat it and then leave rather than coming inside. The end result is the same either way, but you increase your odds of success by placing the borax near where the bugs are coming in.

Make a small trail of Borax around the edges of all rooms. You do not need any more along the edges of the rooms than you do in any other part of the house. Just use the scoop to draw a thin line around the room. If you have carpet, then you can just follow the line between the wall and the carpet. If you have hardwood floors then simply trace around the edge of the molding.

Once your ant problem is solved, you can vacuum or sweep up the borax to keep it from simply creating a mess on your floors as it spreads.
I hope this helps to answer your question.

 

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2012. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Using Ground Covers for Soil Erosion


“I need a plant for erosion control on a treed and shaded hill going down to a small stream.  Soil is not good and can get dry in summer.  Flowering or evergreen ok.  Thanks for your help, ~P.”

___________________________________________________________

Thank you for the email regarding the problems you are having with erosion.
A plant that would work great for your situation would be Bishop’s Weed
(Aegopodium).  Bishop’s weed is an ideal, rapidly spreading grouncover for
difficult areas. It provides a thick mass of coarse green and white leaves
with saw-tooth edges. It grows to 8-10 inches and dies down in winter.
Clusters of small white flowers come into bloom in midsummer.

Bishop’s weed is suitable for areas where barriers can contain its vigorous
growth, such as a strip between a house and a paved path, or in an area
where a fast-growing ground cover is needed to prevent erosion. It will grow
in almost any soil in sun or shade in Zones 3-10 and will thrive under most
trees. It isn’t discouraged by heavy clay soil.

Plant in spring, setting plants 6 to 12 inches apart. New plants are
propagated by dividing old ones in early spring while dormant, or in early
fall when the season’s growth has matured. Aegopodium is an aggressive
grower best used by itself to underplant larger woody trees and shrubs.
Sometimes, toward the end of hot, dry summers, the foliage will look tired
and bedraggled. Just run the lawn mower over it and water it deeply a few
times to encourage fresh new growth if desired.

 

 

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