Tag Archive | Seeds

Japanese Lanterns and Everlasting Flower Mixes


“I like Japanese Lanterns, but I don’t like to grow just a single thing in a row. I like things in a mix. Do you know of any variety from any seed company that has Japanese Lanterns in their mix. I am starting to make my seed list out for next year, so would appreciate your advice.

Margaret”

_________________________________________________________________________________

Hi Margaret,

Thanks for your email regarding Japanese Lanterns (Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii).

Japanese Lanterns

As much as I’d like to tell you that Japanese Lanterns are available in some type of everlasting flower mix, it’s just not the case.  Japanese Lanterns are perennials (winter hardy to Zone 3) and require a little bit of indoor work to start the seeds.  Like their cousins, Ground Cherry (Physalis longifolia) and Tomatillo (Physalis ixocarpa), Japanese Lanterns require 4-6 weeks to germinate at a soil temperature of 75-85 F (24-30 C).  If planted directly into the soil in your garden, the small seeds are not usually not great performers.

What I recommend doing is starting the seed inside in February/March and transplanting it into your perennial garden.  You can then plant whatever flowers you like around it so that you achieve the ‘mixed’ effect.

Unfortunately, most American seed companies seem to be shying away from selling anything but the most common plants — consider it the “McDonald’s generation” of gardening where people just don’t understand how fantastically beautiful and very easy to grow most near-nonexistent flowers are.  Let me tell you, you don’t see the same trend in Europe!  Anyway, the only reputable place I have found in the U.S. to buy seed for Japanese Lanterns is from Swallowtail Garden Seeds.

I hope this information helps you out.  If you have any other questions, please feel free to ask!

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Growing Tomatoes on the Porch


“I have an enclosed porch that I would like to try to grow some tomatoes but I’m not sure what variety. What type should I look for that will grow in greenhouse type conditions? What are the different types of pollination? I noticed some in the catalogue say open pollination.  Thank you for your time
Salley”

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Hi Salley,

Thank you for the email regarding tomatoes that would do well on your enclosed porch.  Depending on the set-up you have, different varieties will work well for different conditions.

If the roof of your porch has skylights or is glass/clear, then any tomato variety would be fine.  The only thing is that you would need to make sure that the container size corresponds to the size of plant that will grow for
a particular variety.

If the roof does not have light coming through, then you are going to want to go with a shorter day tomato.  During the summer, the rays from the sun are more overhead and would not be able to get in to your plants through the roof.  By having a shorter day variety, you can have the plants growing more in the spring or more in the fall so the sun is lower in the sky and the rays of sunshine will be able to reach the plants.  Some varieties that would work well are Glacier, Siberian, and Sub-Arctic Plenty.

As for pollination, open pollination means that the plant is not a hybrid and seeds saved from the tomato fruits would come back true to type if planted the following year.  A hybrid is a cross between two different parent types and has seeds that would not come back true if they were saved from the fruits.

To pollinate the plants, you need to make sure that they are moved a bit/vibrated during the day.  Tomato flowers are called perfect flowers because they have both male and female parts in the same flower.  By making
the flowers move, the pollen is moved around within the flower and pollination occurs.  Moving the plants can be done in one of three ways:
1.  If you have windows that open in your enclosed porch and the whether outside is nice, open them up and allow the breeze to come in.  Out in the garden, tomatoes are pollinated by the breezes moving the branches.  Let
nature do the work for you!
2.  If you have a vibrating back or hand massager, you can hold it up to the stem and branches of the plants when they are in bloom.  Make sure you don’t dig the massager into the plant because you do not want to damage the stem. Holding it lightly on the stem or branch will be enough.
3.  You can also give the pots of the a gentle shake.  When doing this, the intention is to have the leaves/branches move a little and not to make the plant feel like it is going through an earthquake.

I hope this information helps you out.  If you have any other questions, please feel free to ask.

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2014. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Who Owns Who? Finding the real owner of your favorite seed catalog.


(Original Post, February 3, 2010. Updated 12/1/13.) Back when I used to work for  a number of different companies, I was often amused by the occasions when I have a customer on the phone and they ‘divulge’ a secret.  Their voice drops and they say, “You know, last year I ordered my seed from [insert name of another company owned by mine] and theirs did not grow as well as yours did.”

Meanwhile, I’m chuckling to myself.  On my screen in front of me, I can see that not only did the seed that they purchased this year come out of the same bag for each company, but was also the same exact lot of seed used last year!

As with any other industry, seed and nursery companies get bought out, outsourced, and restructured.  I know myself from ordering from various companies that their service changes if they have been sold to a different parent company.

So, for those of you that are curious as to ‘who owns who’, here is a list of the various seed and nursery stock companies that are available for mail order in the United States… and who they are owned by!  Enjoy!

_________________________________________________________________________

1-800-orchids.com

•             1-800-orchids.com

•             1888Orchids.com

5 Acre Farm Daylilies

•             5 Acre Farm Daylilies

•             Valente Gardens

ACF Greenhouses (Aarons Creek Farms)

•             ACF Greenhouses (Aarons Creek Farms)

•             Strawberry Plants.com

ANi Direct Seeds

•             ANi Direct Seeds

•             nothing-but-seeds

Aaron’s Rain Barrels (formerly New England Design)

•             Aaron’s Rain Barrels (formerly New England Design)

•             Aaron’s Rainwater Harvesting Systems

Aaron Whaley and Sons

•             Partial Ownership of Seed Savers Exchange

Aloha Hoyas

•             Aloha Hoyas

•             Aloha Ti and Tropicals

Aloha Orchid Nursery

•             Aloha Orchid Nursery

•             Plumeria.Info (Da Little Coffee Shack)

Aloha Tropicals

•             Aloha Tropicals

•             Ohana Tropicals

Amazing Butterflies

•             Amazing Butterflies

•             Live Monarch Foundation Butterfly Garden Seeds

Amethyst Hill Nursery (formerly Bell Family Nursery)

•             Amethyst Hill Nursery (formerly Bell Family Nursery)

•             Hydrangeas Plus

Anioleka Seeds Company (Anioleka Seeds US)

•             Anioleka Seeds Company (Anioleka Seeds US)

•             Tasty Tomatoes Heirloom Tomato Seeds Company (Tomato-Seeds.com)

Arcadia Glasshouse

•             Arcadia Glasshouse

•             OrchidSupplies.com

Aroidia Research

•             Aroidia Research

•             Rainbow Eucalyptus (Aroidia Research)

•             Superoots® Air-Pots (Aroidia Research)

Ashdown Roses, Ltd.

•             Ashdown Roses, Ltd.

•             Rose Peddler

Australian Orchid Nursery

•             Australian Orchid Nursery

•             Cymbidium Orchids in Australia

Autumn Ridge Nursery (aka autumnridgenursery.com)

•             Autumn Ridge Nursery (aka autumnridgenursery.com)

•             Go Grow Green Nursery

•             Summerstone Nursery

Avon Bulbs

•             Avon Bulbs

•             Floral Fireworks

B & T World Seeds

•             B & T World Seeds

•             Sweet Freedom Farm

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co.

•             Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co.

•             Abundant Acres

•             The Heirloom Gardener Magazine

Ball Publishing/Blackstreet Capital

•             Park Seed Company (aka Park’s Gardens)

•             DollarSeedStore.com

•             Jackson & Perkins

•             Park Seed Wholesale Growers

•             Park’s Landscapes

•             Perfect Plant, LLC

•             Wayside Gardens

Bambu-u

•             Bambu-u

•             Hardy Tropicals

Benner’s Gardens Inc. Deer Fencing

•             Benner’s Gardens Inc. Deer Fencing

•             Moss Acres

Bentley Gardens.com

•             Bentley Gardens.com

•             Hosta Liners

Better Homes and Gardens® (Meredith Books)

•             Better Homes and Gardens® (Meredith Books)

•             Better Homes and Gardens Store (bhg.com)

•             Country Home Country Gardens

•             Garden Shed®

•             Garden, Deck and Landscape®

Birds Choice

•             Birds Choice

•             Avian Aquatics

Blue Fox Farm

•             Blue Fox Farm

•             Alannah’s Greenhouses

Bluegrass Gardens Daylily Farm

•             Bluegrass Gardens Daylily Farm

•             Brian Mahieu

Boston Mountain Nurseries

•             Boston Mountain Nurseries

•             Arkansas Berry & Plant Farm

Botanical Interests, Inc.

•             Botanical Interests, Inc.

•             TinySeeds.com

Bramcote Bulbs

•             Bramcote Bulbs

•             ShowGlads.com

Brewery Creek Garden Center

•             Brewery Creek Garden Center

•             BestPeony.com

Burgess Seed

•             Burgess Seed

•             Direct Gardening

•             Dutch Gardens

•             Farmer Seed and Nursery

•             Four Seasons Nursery

•             Honeycreek Nurseries

•             House of Wesley

•             Inter-State Nurseries

•             Kelly Nurseries

•             Richard Owen Nursery / Exciting Gardens

•             Royal Dutch

Burpee (W. Atlee Burpee)

•             Burpee (W. Atlee Burpee)

•             Heronswood Nursery

•             The Cook’s Garden

C & M Drewitt Rare and Unusual Bulbs

•             C & M Drewitt Rare and Unusual Bulbs

•             Timothy Drewitt Bulb Nurseries

Chris Bowers & Sons Whispering Trees Nurseries

•             Chris Bowers & Sons Whispering Trees Nurseries

•             John Bowers Daylilies

Clean Air Gardening Company

•             Clean Air Gardening Company

•             Easy-Spin Tumbleweed Composter

Commonwealth Plants, LLC (auricula.com)

•             Commonwealth Plants, LLC (auricula.com)

•             Japanese-Maple.com

Container Dahlias

•             Container Dahlias

•             Ryecroft Dahlias – USA

Country Home Products (also dba DR Chipper and DR Field and Brush Mower)

•             Country Home Products (also dba DR Chipper and DR Field and Brush Mower)

•             DR Trimmer/Mower

•             Neuton Mowers

Crape Myrtles Inc. (also dba Crape Myrtle Farms and Lagerstroemia.com)

•             Crape Myrtles Inc. (also dba Crape Myrtle Farms and Lagerstroemia.com)

•             Mini Crape Myrtles

Crimson Sage Nursery

•             Crimson Sage Nursery

•             Medicinal Herb Plants Nursery

Critterfence.com

•             Critterfence.com

•             Critterfence Deer Grates

•             Deerfencing.com

•             Kittyfence.com

Cross Border Daylilies

•             Cross Border Daylilies

•             Distinctly Creative Designs

Crownsville Nursery

•             Crownsville Nursery

•             Bridgewood Gardens

Daffies

•             Daffies

•             Pedigreed Deerproof Heirloom Flowers

•             Worms for Kitchen Composting

David Austin Roses (UK)

•             David Austin Roses (UK)

•             David Austin Roses (US)

De Groot, Inc.

•             De Groot, Inc.

•             Great Lakes Nursery Co.

Deer Scram

•             Deer Scram

•             Rabbit Scram

Deerbusters (Trident Enterprises)

•             Deerbusters (Trident Enterprises)

•             ElectricFenceCompany.com

•             GardeningBulbs.com

•             MasterGardening.com

Diane’s Flower Seeds

•             Diane’s Flower Seeds

•             Diane’s Daylilies

Dobbies Garden Centres

•             Dobbies Garden Centres

•             Dobbies Garden Centre (formerly Grovelands Online)

EZPlant.com

•             EZPlant.com

•             EZdaylily.com

•             EZgrasses.com

•             EZhosta.com

•             EZiris.com

Eagle Creek Seed Potatoes

•             Eagle Creek Seed Potatoes

•             Becker’s Seed Potatoes

Easy Exotics Connoisseurs Choice

•             Easy Exotics Connoisseurs Choice

•             Easy Cactus

•             Easy Carnivores

•             Easy Fruit

•             Easy Orchids

Easy to Grow Bulbs

•             Easy to Grow Bulbs

•             Willow Creek Gardens

Ednie Flower Bulb, Inc.

•             Ednie Flower Bulb, Inc.

•             Wooden Shoe Bulb Farm

Elmore Orchids

•             Elmore Orchids

•             Elmore Ferns

Emperor Aquatics Pond & Water Garden Supplies

•             Emperor Aquatics Pond & Water Garden Supplies

•             QualityUVLamps.com

Empress Tree Nurseries (aka Paulownia Supply & fastgrowingtree.com)

•             Empress Tree Nurseries (aka Paulownia Supply & fastgrowingtree.com)

•             Brighter Blooms Nursery

Essence of the tree

•             Essence of the tree

•             Mountain Maples

Fedco Seeds

•             Fedco Seeds

•             Fedco Bulbs

•             Fedco Trees

•             Moose Tubers

•             Organic Growers Supply

ForFruitTrees.com (Moser Fruit Tree Sales)

•             ForFruitTrees.com (Moser Fruit Tree Sales)

•             Grandpa’s Orchard, LLC

Foster & Gallagher, Inc.

•             Foster & Gallagher, Inc.

•             Spring Garden Canada

•             The Gardenstore

Frangipani Heaven

•             Frangipani Heaven

•             Brad’s Buds and Blooms

Freedom Tree Farms (formerly Hollydale Nursery)

•             Freedom Tree Farms (formerly Hollydale Nursery)

•             TreesDirectOnline.com

Fruit Lover’s Nursery

•             Fruit Lover’s Nursery

•             Fruit Lover’s Seed Co.

Garden Gazebo

•             Garden Gazebo

•             Amish Soil Company, Inc. (Tewksbury Gardens PooPets)

Garden Store-N-More

•             Garden Store-N-More

•             The Garden Express

Gardener’s Choice

•             Gardener’s Choice

•             GardeningTouch.com (Giant Tomatoes)

•             Spring River Nurseries Inc

•             TomatoGiant.com

Gardenocity

•             Gardenocity

•             Patiolover.com

•             Seedlover.com

•             Yardlover.com

Gardens Alive!

•             Gardens Alive!

•             Audubon Workshop

•             Breck’s Bulbs

•             Gurney’s Seed & Nursery

•             Henry Field’s Seed & Nursery

•             Michigan Bulb

•             mySEASONS Garden Solutions

•             New Holland Bulb Co.

•             Spring Hill Nursery (aka SpringHillNursery.com)

Gautam Global

•             Gautam Global

•             Seeds Vendor (The Seed Collector)

GoSucculent.com

•             GoSucculent.com

•             Daniel’s Specialty Nursery

Gourmet Seed International

•             Gourmet Seed International

•             Italian Cooks’ Seed Co.

•             Italian Seed and Tool

Greenhouses.com

•             Greenhouses.com

•             Pondkits.com

Growquest Growers (also dba Olive-Trees.net and Surf & Sierra Wholesale Nurseries, LLC)

•             Growquest Growers (also dba Olive-Trees.net and Surf & Sierra Wholesale Nurseries, LLC)

•             ABP Nursery, A Surf & Sierra LLC Co. (formerly A Better Plant Grower)

Hardyplants.com

•             Hardyplants.com

•             Specialty Perennials

Heavenly Gardens

•             Heavenly Gardens

•             Extreme Daylilies

Hedges Online

•             Hedges Online

•             Roses Online

Heirloom Roses

•             Heirloom Roses

•             ClimbingRoses.com (formerly Hardy Roses)

•             John’s Miniature Roses

Heirloom Roses Canada (Old Heirloom Roses)

•             Heirloom Roses Canada (Old Heirloom Roses)

•             Heirloom’s Daylily Website

Heirloom Seeds

•             Heirloom Seeds

•             The Tomato Patch (heirloomtomatoes.com)

Heirloom Tomato Seed Exchange

•             Heirloom Tomato Seed Exchange

•             Tomato Seed City

Heritage Bulbs (part of Heritage Gardening Ltd.)

•             Heritage Bulbs (part of Heritage Gardening Ltd.)

•             Wild About Bulbs

•             Wild About Veg

Hidden Springs Flower Farm

•             Hidden Springs Flower Farm

•             Rice Creek Gardens Inc.

Hollow Creek Tree Farm

•             Hollow Creek Tree Farm

•             QuickTrees.com

Holly Hill Daylily Farm

•             Holly Hill Daylily Farm

•             Chatham Wholesale Daylily Growers

Home and Garden Sales Online (Midwest Internet Sales)

•             Home and Garden Sales Online (Midwest Internet Sales)

•             Cedar Tree Gardens

•             Rain Barrels and More

House Plants 4 Less

•             House Plants 4 Less

•             Ferns 4 Less

•             Philodendrons 4 Less

Hudler Carolina Tree Farm

•             Hudler Carolina Tree Farm

•             West End Wreaths

Hummert International

•             Hummert International

•             Hummert Seeds (formerly Chesmore Seed Company)

Hydro-Stacker (Hydrostacker.com)

•             Hydro-Stacker (Hydrostacker.com)

•             Hydro-Stacker Canada Inc.

International Garden Products

•             International Garden Products

•             Briggs Nursery, Inc.

•             Skagit Gardens

•             Vandenberg Bulbs

•             Weeks Wholesale Roses Grower, Inc

International Greenhouse Company (IGC)

•             International Greenhouse Company (IGC)

•             4Greenhouses.com (IGC)

•             GreenhouseMegaStore.com (IGC)

JFNew

•             JFNew

•             Prairie Ridge Nursery

Johnson Daylily Garden

•             Johnson Daylily Garden

•             Johnson Bamboo

Jonsteen Company

•             Jonsteen Company

•             Sequoiatrees.com (The Jonsteen Company)

Jung Family/Richard and Nathan Zondag/”Seeds for the World”

•             J.W. Jung Seed (Not to be confused with Jung Seed Genetics, which is a entirely different company that is a Monsanto subsidiary)

•             Edmunds’ Roses

•             eGardener’s Place

•             Horticultural Products and Services (HPS)

•             McClure & Zimmerman Quality Flowerbulb Brokers

•             Plants of Distinction (US fulfillment)

•             R.H. Shumway Seeds

•             Roots and Rhizomes

•             Seymour’s Selected Seeds (out of business for the most part, but still has website)

•             Totally Tomatoes

•             Vermont Bean Seed Company

•             Usernames “auctioneersbd” and “gentz13”, among others, on Ebay.com (look for sellers that ship from Beaver Dam or Randolph, WI)

Jungle Gardens

•             Jungle Gardens

•             Jungle Seeds & Gardens

Katz Kuntry Kuttins

•             Katz Kuntry Kuttins

•             Southern Pine Perennials

Kings Seeds

•             Kings Seeds

•             Suffolk Herbs

Klehm’s Song Sparrow Perennial Farm

•             Klehm’s Song Sparrow Perennial Farm

•             Red Barn Gardens

Krackin Premium Plants

•             Krackin Premium Plants

•             Stoogie Holler Seeds

Kurt Bluemel Inc.

•             Kurt Bluemel Inc.

•             Earthly Pursuits

Lawnrite

•             Lawnrite

•             Crabgrass Alert Company

LilyBLOOMS Aquatic Gardens

•             LilyBLOOMS Aquatic Gardens

•             Pond Plants Direct

Lilyseeds.com (Ribbon Nursery)

•             Lilyseeds.com (Ribbon Nursery)

•             Peonyseeds.com (Ribbon Nursery)

Lipenwald Inc.

•             Lipenwald Inc.

•             Gardener’s Choice

Lynch Creek Farm

•             Lynch Creek Farm

•             Lynch Creek Dahlias

Mantis Tools

•             Mantis Tools

•             Mantis ComposT-Twin

Marshalls Seeds

•             Marshalls Seeds

•             Unwins at Elm House Nurseries

Martha By Mail (Martha Stewart)

•             Martha By Mail (Martha Stewart)

•             Martha Stewart Living

McFayden Seeds

•             McFayden Seeds

•             McConnell Nurseries

McKenzie Farms Nursery

•             McKenzie Farms Nursery

•             World Wide Plants

MeyerLemonTree.com

•             MeyerLemonTree.com

•             KeyLimePieTree.com

•             PalmTreePlant.com

Milk Ranch Specialty Potatoes, LLC

•             Milk Ranch Specialty Potatoes, LLC

•             Ronniger Potato Farm LLC

MiloSeeds

•             MiloSeeds

•             Gourmet Tomato Seed Of The Month Club

•             Seed of the Month Club

•             The Tomato Seed Store

Monty’s Joy Juice (Monty’s Plant Food Co.)

•             Monty’s Joy Juice (Monty’s Plant Food Co.)

•             Monty’s Plant Food

Morton’s Horticultural Porducts, Inc.

•             Morton’s Horticultural Porducts, Inc.

•             Granny’s House

Mr. Fothergills’ Seeds

•             Mr. Fothergills’ Seeds

•             Mr Fothergill’s Seeds and Bulbs

•             Mr. Fothergill’s Seeds, Canada (TWD Lawn & Garden Products)

Muck Boots Online.com

•             Muck Boots Online.com

•             Garden Shoes Online

NetShops, Inc.

•             NetShops, Inc.

•             AdirondackChairs.com

•             BirdBaths.com

•             Great Benches

•             Hammocks.com

•             PatioFurnitureUSA.com

•             Porchswings.com

•             PottingBenches.com

•             Simply Fountains

•             SimplyArbors.com

•             SimplyPlanters.com

Netherland Bulb Company

•             Netherland Bulb Company

•             Quality Dutch Bulbs Inc.

New England Seed Company

•             New England Seed Company

•             Carolina Seeds

Nitron Industries

•             Nitron Industries

•             Garden IQ.com

Nola’s Iris Garden (Prevost Ranch and Gardens)

•             Nola’s Iris Garden (Prevost Ranch and Gardens)

•             Chailey Iris Garden

•             Leota’s Iris Garden

Nor’ East Miniature Roses® (division of Greenheart Farms, Inc.)

•             Nor’ East Miniature Roses® (division of Greenheart Farms, Inc.)

•             Tiny Petals Nursery

OVM Seeds

•             OVM Seeds

•             Seed Empire

Oakes Daylilies

•             Oakes Daylilies

•             Paradise Garden

OneDollarSeedStore.com

•             OneDollarSeedStore.com

•             Flora Exotica

OutdoorDecor.com

•             OutdoorDecor.com

•             Aaron’s Outdoors

Pacific Callas

•             Pacific Callas

•             Elephant Ears by Pacific Callas

Palms & Gardens

•             Palms & Gardens

•             Banana Garden.com

•             Tropical Favorites.com

Paradise Palm Co.

•             Paradise Palm Co.

•             Willis Orchard Company

Patio Plants

•             Patio Plants

•             Aquilegia Seed

Peas & Corn

•             Peas & Corn

•             HawsWateringCans.com (Haws Watering Cans)

PendulousPlants.com

•             PendulousPlants.com

•             SmallPlants.com

Perfect Perennials Daylily Nursery (HardyHems.com)

•             Perfect Perennials Daylily Nursery (HardyHems.com)

•             Thomas Gardens

Philadelphia Houseplant Wholesalers Inc

•             Philadelphia Houseplant Wholesalers Inc

•             Siam Orchids USA Inc

Plant Signs

•             Plant Signs

•             South Coast Palms

PlantKingdom.com

•             PlantKingdom.com

•             Koi Garden Club

PlantMakers (tomatomaker.com)

•             PlantMakers (tomatomaker.com)

•             Plants Can Live

Pond Megastore

•             Pond Megastore

•             Treasure Island Aquatics

PondSolutions.com

•             PondSolutions.com

•             AbsolutePonds.com

PondsOnline.ca

•             PondsOnline.ca

•             PondsOnline.com

•             PondUSA.com

Primeval Gardens

•             Primeval Gardens

•             Dragonflies & Tadpoles

Prize Seeds.com

•             Prize Seeds.com

•             FloatingFlora.com

Pure Food Hydroponics

•             Pure Food Hydroponics

•             Micro Hydroponics

Rainbow Acres

•             Rainbow Acres

•             Fred Kerr’s Iris

Rainbow Iris Farms

•             Rainbow Iris Farms

•             Gormley Greenery

Ratcliffe Orchids Ltd.

•             Ratcliffe Orchids Ltd.

•             Ratcliffe Orchids, LLC

Red Ox Machines (PBM Group)

•             Red Ox Machines (PBM Group)

•             ComposTumbler (PBM Group)

•             Gardener’s Greenhouse (PBM Group)

•             Vortine™ High Performance Mini Tiller

Redland Nursery

•             Redland Nursery

•             Botanical Treasures

Renee’s Garden Seeds

•             Renee’s Garden Seeds

•             Cornucopia Garden Seeds

Rich Farm Garden Supply

•             Rich Farm Garden Supply

•             Agrich, Inc.

Riverbend Gardens

•             Riverbend Gardens

•             Jope’s Bonsai Studio

Roberts Flower Supply

•             Roberts Flower Supply

•             Wetworks Misting Systems

Robrick Nursery

•             Robrick Nursery

•             FloridaSun Farms

Rogers & Webster Miracle-Bush™ Tomatoes (also dba PublishersChoice.com)

•             Rogers & Webster Miracle-Bush™ Tomatoes (also dba PublishersChoice.com)

•             MBT Nursery Sales (Miracle Bush Tomatoes)

Roguelands Heirloom Vegetable Seeds Company (seedfest.co.uk)

•             Roguelands Heirloom Vegetable Seeds Company (seedfest.co.uk)

•             Anioleka Seeds Company (Anioleka Seeds US)

•             Cheap Seeds.net

•             Eggplant Seeds.com

Roll ‘n Grow (RollnGrow.com)

•             Roll ‘n Grow (RollnGrow.com)

•             Topsy Turvy (HangingingTomato.com)

S & S Seeds

•             S & S Seeds

•             Albright Seed Company

•             Pacific Coast Seed

Safer® Brand

•             Safer® Brand

•             Havahart®

Saflora Plant Nursery

•             Saflora Plant Nursery

•             Clivias from SAflora

Sand Mountain Herbs

•             Sand Mountain Herbs

•             Herb Roots

Seed Savers Exchange

•             Seed Savers Exchange

•             Flower & Herb Exchange

Seedland.com (also dba GardenSeeds.com and GardenPatio.com)

•             Seedland.com (also dba GardenSeeds.com and GardenPatio.com)

•             FarmSeeds.com

Seedman.com

•             Seedman.com

•             NextHarvest.com

Seeds Trust

•             Seeds Trust

•             High Altitude Gardens

Sellsonic.com

•             Sellsonic.com

•             A.W. Brown’s

•             Country Gardens, Inc.

•             Ednie Flower Bulb, Inc.

•             Garden Value Outlet

•             Harbor Garden Center

•             Katonah Nursery

•             Moscarillo’s Garden Shoppe

•             Port Jeff Agway

•             Sixteen Acres Garden Center

•             Tom’s Home and Garden

•             Zergott Landscaping, Inc. (Online Store)

Shady Oaks Ginseng Farm

•             Shady Oaks Ginseng Farm

•             Shady Oaks Blueberry Farm

Solexx Greenhouses (formerly Farm Wholesale Greenhouses)

•             Solexx Greenhouses (formerly Farm Wholesale Greenhouses)

•             The Greenhouse Catalog

Southern Business Express

•             Southern Business Express

•             Borghese Gardens

•             Curious Goods

•             Dutch Faust World Wide Exotic Seed Company (Faust & Associates)

•             GreenDealer Exotic Seeds

•             Gudseeds.com

•             Hurricane Seeds (HurricaneSeeds.com)

•             Joe Windham Enterprises

•             Organica Seed

•             Rachel’s Tomato Seed Supply (Rachel’s Pepper Seed Supply)

•             Rancid Sawdust.com

•             Rex’s Seed Co.

•             Seedman.com

•             Seeds etc.

•             Tea Herb Farm

•             The GreenWeb

•             Virtual Seeds & Flags

•             Wendy’s Wonderful Herbs/Seeds

Spangle Creek Labs

•             Spangle Creek Labs

•             Itasca Ladyslipper Farm

SpiritLiving Co. (Spirit Living Co.)

•             SpiritLiving Co. (Spirit Living Co.)

•             BambooFurnitureCollection.com, a SpiritLiving Co. (Bamboo Furniture)

•             Cedar-Sheds.com, a SpiritLiving Co. (Cedar Sheds.com)

•             Spirit Elements, LLC

Spruce Creek Rainsaver

•             Spruce Creek Rainsaver

•             EZ Composter (Spruce Creek Company)

•             rainbarrel.net

Stanley & Sons Nursery

•             Stanley & Sons Nursery

•             Aesthetic Gardens

Stark Brothers

•             Miller Seeds and Nursery

State-by-State Gardening

•             State-by-State Gardening

•             Alabama GARDENER

•             Arkansas GARDENER

•             Georgia GARDENING

•             Kentucky GARDENER

•             Louisiana GARDENER

•             Mississippi GARDENER

•             Oklahoma GARDENER

•             Tennessee GARDENER

•             Virginia GARDENER

Stone Lantern

•             Stone Lantern

•             Bonsai Today

Superior Growers Supply (SGS)

•             Superior Growers Supply (SGS)

•             Home Harvest Garden Supply (Division of Superior Growers Supply, Inc.)

Suttons Seeds

•             Suttons Seeds

•             Dobies Garden (Samuel Dobie & Son)

•             Ferndale Lodge

Teak Wicker & More (CSN Stores)

•             Teak Wicker & More (CSN Stores)

•             All Greenhouses (div. of CSN Stores, Inc.)

Tennessee Wholesale Nursery (D & T Wholesale Nursery)

•             Tennessee Wholesale Nursery (D & T Wholesale Nursery)

•             Quick Growing Trees (quick-growing-trees.com)

•             TN Nursery

•             Wetland Supplies

Territorial Seed Company

•             Territorial Seed Company

•             Abundant Life Seeds

The English Garden (UK edition)

•             The English Garden (UK edition)

•             The English Garden (US & Canadian edition)

The Liquid Fence Company

•             The Liquid Fence Company

•             CowPots

The Strawberry Store

•             The Strawberry Store

•             fraises des bois

Thompson and Morgan (UK)

•             Thompson and Morgan (UK)

•             Thompson and Morgan (US)

Thompson and Morgan (US)

•             Thompson and Morgan (US)

•             ValueSeeds.com

Tip Top Bio-Control

•             Tip Top Bio-Control

•             Gardening Zone (gardeningzone.com)

Tom’s Home and Garden

•             Tom’s Home and Garden

•             Garden-Shops.com

•             Holland Bulbs Direct

•             Perennials Direct (Deerproof Perennials.com)

Tomato Bob’s Heirloom Tomatoes

•             Tomato Bob’s Heirloom Tomatoes

•             Heirloom Tomatoes

Touch of Nature, Inc.

•             Touch of Nature, Inc.

•             eFlowerGarden

Tree Heaven (aka Tree Paradise.com, Veychek Gardens & Nursery Inc.)

•             Tree Heaven (aka Tree Paradise.com, Veychek Gardens & Nursery Inc.)

•             Daylily Paradise (Veychek Gardens & Nursery Inc.)

•             Maples By Mail

Trinity Ranch

•             Trinity Ranch

•             Magic Worm Ranch

Tuscumbia Iron Works

•             Tuscumbia Iron Works

•             Coble Metal Works (dba Southeastern Architectural Metals)

University Scientific Corporation

•             University Scientific Corporation

•             Sporebank (Sporebank.com)

•             Sporestore (Sporestore.com)

Van Bourgondien Dutch Bulbs

•             Van Bourgondien Dutch Bulbs

•             Gardening123 BulbMall

•             Van Dyck’s

Van Engelen, Inc.

•             Van Engelen, Inc.

•             John Scheepers Kitchen Garden Seeds

•             John Scheepers, Inc.

VanDusen Volunteer Seed Collectors’ Seed Store

•             VanDusen Volunteer Seed Collectors’ Seed Store

•             Twining Vine Garden

Vintage Gardens Antique Roses

•             Vintage Gardens Antique Roses

•             Apple Art Espalier

Weed Ox (division of Black River Tools Inc.)

•             Weed Ox (division of Black River Tools Inc.)

•             Father Nature (division of Black River Tools Inc.)

Weekend Gardener (NZ)

•             Weekend Gardener (NZ)

•             Weekend Gardener (AUS)

WheatgrassKits.com

•             WheatgrassKits.com

•             GenericSeeds.com

•             HerbKits.com

White Flower Farm

•             White Flower Farm

•             Shepherd’s Garden Seeds

Wild Birds Forever

•             Wild Birds Forever

•             The Backyard Shoppe

Wildflower World

•             Wildflower World

•             GardenPost

Willows

•             Willows

•             Willows Specialist Cyclamen Nursery

Winsome Orchids, Inc.

•             Winsome Orchids, Inc.

•             Billy’s Buds Orchids and More

Winterberry Farms Tissue Culture

•             Winterberry Farms Tissue Culture

•             The Plant Source

•             Wild Gingers at The Plant Collector Nursery

ihort (International Horticultural Technologies, LLC)

•             ihort (International Horticultural Technologies, LLC)

•             QuickPlug Growing Systems

jmbamboo

•             jmbamboo

•             BigPlants

mySEASONS Garden Solutions

•             mySEASONS Garden Solutions

•             Foster & Gallagher, Inc.

•             Rocky Meadow Orchard & Nursery

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2013. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Onion Dieback


” My red candy apple onions only grew to about 1 1/2″ in diamter and the green tops died back.  Are they done?  Should I dig them up?  leave them in?  I was expecting them to be more the size of a racquetball or tennis ball and that the green tops would remain, just dry up.

Susan”

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Hi Susan,

Thank you for the email regarding your Red Candy Apple Onions.  Dieback of onion tops signals that the onion is done growing and ready to be harvested. If left in the ground, the onions will start to send up shoots again like it is spring, but in the process of doing so will ruin the bulb that has formed.  Also, the ‘reshooting’ will not make vegetative growth, but will produce a flower head and seeds.

Red Candy Apple onions should be much larger in size when mature.  Onions do like cooler temperatures and are prone to dying early if it becomes too hot (temperatures over 95-100 degrees).

I hope this information helps you out.  If you have any other questions, please feel free to ask.

 

© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2013. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Fishmouthing Squash Seed


“I am a farmer and recently was offered squash seed by my supplier that had a high rate of ‘fishmouthing’. I turned it down because I didn’t know what it was. What is it?

Jamie”

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Fish Mouth is a disorder that we sometimes had with long day peppers that we were breeding when I was in graduate school.  It gets the name from having the longitudinal end looking like a fish’s mouth because it occurs when the seed has been harvested prematurely and the micropylar  endosperm hasn’t had enough time to develop and helium at the tip doesn’t fuse properly.  The seed may have an initial decent germination rate, but the lack or decreased amount of endosperm gives it a very short shelf life and decreased vigor.  Also, the seed is highly susceptible to soil-borne pathogens.

Fish mouth can occur on any type of dicot seed.

 

© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2013. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Big Seed: Growing an Avocado Tree from a Seed


I was reading an entry entitled “Homesick Toast” by ‘Simple Provisions’ and it got me thinking about avocados.

http://simpleprovisions.com.au/2012/06/22/homesick-toast/

Of course, you know that a horticulturist has to put her spin on it…

Avocados are everywhere right now — I mean, you can even get them on your sandwich at Subway.  If you are at home and doing something with avocados… what in the world are you to do with that big old seed you get out of each one.  Seems like a lot of waste to just throw it in the garbage, right?

Here is the solution:  grow your own avocado tree!

There are nine easy steps to follow and you will be on your way to your own indoor avocado grove:

  1. Wash the seed. Using three toothpick, suspend it broad end down over a water-filled glass to cover about an inch of the seed.
  2. Put it in a warm place out of direct sunlight and replenish water as needed. You should see roots and stem sprout in about two to six weeks.
  3. When the stem is six to seven inches long, cut it back to about three inches.
  4. When the roots are thick and the stem has leafed out again, plant it in a rich humus soil in a 10-1/2″ diameter pot, leaving the seed half exposed.
  5. Give it frequent, light waterings with an occasional deep soak. Generally, the soil should be moist but not saturated. Yellowing leaves are a sign of over-watering; let the plant dry out for a few days.
  6. The more sunlight, the better.
  7. If leaves turn brown and fry at the tips, too much salt has accumulated in the soil. Let water run freely into the pot and drain for several minutes.
  8. When the stem is 12 inches high, cut it back to 6 inches to encourage the growth of new shoots.
  9. While it is true that you can grow a tree from an avocado seed, keep in mind that a tree grown from seed will be very different from its parent variety and may take 7-15 years to begin producing fruit. Fruit from a tree grown from seed tends to have different flavor characteristics than their parent variety. Known varieties such as Hass avocados are grafted to preserve their varietal characteristics rather than grown from a seed.

And remember… have fun!

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2012. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

 

Testing for GMOs in Seed


“Dear Horticulture Talk,

How do you test seeds for GMOs?  I’m concerned because the companies I have been looking from keep saying that they don’t have GMOs in the seed to their knowledge.  Can’t they be sure?  I want them to be sure!

Thanks,

Kyle”

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Hi Kyle,

Thanks for contacting Horticulture Talk through Facebook.

The procedures used to test seed to determine if the seed is genetically modified are ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) testing, protein strip analysis, or PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction):

o   ELISA protein antibody tests are being used primarily to help farmers and elevators determine if a seed lot contains GMOs. Protein strip tests and ELISA tests are preferred for these types of applications because they allow relatively rapid turnaround times, and they require a relatively small investment in equipment and personnel. However, they do have some disadvantages that tend to limit their use. For example, ELISA or strip assays are limited to protein of specific events (e.g. Bt or RR) which often times are not readily available. Thus, strip tests and ELISA tests are not useful for detecting “any GMO” in a commodity or product.  Seed used for either testing method is destroyed because the test requires the seed to be crushed and dissolved in reagents needed to conduct the test.

o   DNA tests using PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) technology are also used to make decisions concerning the presence of GMOs, but more often are used for breeding, production and marketing decisions involving seed, grain, food ingredients, and finished food products. DNA/PCR methods are more sensitive, accurate, and robust and are generally considered to be the preferred method for detecting “any GMO.” As long as appropriate protocols, samples, and sample sizes are used, false positive or false negative results are extremely rare events.  PCR requires the seed to be crushed and heated.

By ‘to our knowledge’, it is the best that any seed company or seed producer can assure a customer.  No matter which test is used, all require that the seed used in the test be destroyed in order to produce results.  If one was basing their assumptions off of testing alone, there would be no seed to plant as each individual seed would have to be crushed for testing.

Instead, seed producers take a representative sample from each lot and it is tested for transgenes.  The plants used to produce seed are grown under laboratory or field conditions for seed breeding (i.e. Other pollens are not allowed, whether they are non-GMO pollen or GMO pollen, as the production of seed is regulated by law so that the same type of pollen is always used.  Contamination by non-GMO or GMO pollen would result in an ‘off-type’ plant that would not be true to type).  Once the seed has been harvested, it is given a lot identification to distiguish it from other lots of seed that may have been grown in a different area or harvested from the same place at a different time.  Each lot is then tested via PCR.  These tests are conducted by reputable, third-party testing facilities that can provide unbiased results.  If the lot contains even a trace of transgenes, it would be destroyed to prevent cross contamination.

 

 

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© Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk!, 2011. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Mertie Mae Botanics LLC and Horticulture Talk! with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.